|1995 Keyhoe Award
-- The winner of the 1995 Donald E. Keyhoe Journalism Award for excellence
in investigative reporting on the UFO subject is Ms. Gillian Sender of
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Sender's article "Out
of This World," published in the February 1995 issue of the Milwaukee
Magazine, was adjudged the winner. The article focuses on controversial
researcher Donald Schmitt.
Mr. Robert A. Galganski of West Seneca, New York, merited second place
in the competition for his article "Scanning the Skies," which appeared
in the August 20, 1995 edition of the Dunkirk, New York, Evening Observer.
The author reinvestigated the 1965 Cherry Creek, NY, UFO appararent landing.
(FUFOR - 4/25/96)
Donald Edward Keyhoe
1897 - 1988
Donald E. Keyhoe was born in Ottumwa, Iowa, on June 20, 1897, at the
dawn of human flight. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis,
Maryland, in the Class of 1920, with a B.S. degree and the commission of
a 2nd Lieutenant in the Marine Corps. During his senior year at the Academy,
Robert Goddard published a theoretical paper, "A Method of Reaching Extreme
Altitudes" (i.e., rockets), and two years later Hermann Oberth, the famous
German space pioneer, wrote "The Rocket Into Interplanetary Space."
The Wright Brothers had flown at Kitty Hawk, N.C., when Keyhoe was a
teenager. Balloon flights were also much in the news. The young Lieutenant
became a Naval aviator, piloting both balloons and airplanes in the period
between the World Wars. In the years leading to World War II, Lieutenant
Keyhoe commanded a flight of Naval seaplanes being ferried from the U.S.
to Guam, and served on that island. After a night crash at Guam, he retired
from active duty and began freelance writing.
Joining Government service, he became editor of the Coast and Geodetic
Survey publications, then he was appointed Chief of Information for the
Aeronautics Branch of the U.S. Department of Commerce. (This agency later
evolved into the Federal Aviation Administration.) After Floyd Bennett
flew over the North Pole on May 9, 1926, in a historic flight, Keyhoe was
assigned to manage his nationwide tour in the "Josephine Ford" North Pole
plane. Then when Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh about a year later successfully
hopped the Atlantic in the "Spirit of St. Louis" and became a national
and international hero, Keyhoe was assigned as his aide, accompanying the
flier on his triumphant 48-State tour. Later he wrote the charming and
popular book Flying With Lindbergh (New York: Putnams, 1928).
During the 1930s and the early 1940s Keyhoe wrote fictional aviation
adventure stories for then popular pulp magazines, inventing the heroic
flyers "Phil Strange" and "Dick Knight," among other heroes and villains.
He also contributed numerous factual articles to major magazines of the
day on a wide range of topics, many popularizing aviation. The magazines
included Saturday Evening Post, Cosmopolitan, American,
Redbook, and True. Other articles and features appeared in
the Sunday newspaper supplements This Week and American Weekly.
As war loomed in Europe, Keyhoe published M-Day: If War Comes, What
Your Government Plans for You (New York: Dutton, 1940) dealing with
U.S. mobilization for warfare. During World War II he was recalled to active
duty with the rank of Major and served in the Pentagon in the Naval Aviation
Training Division. After the war he again retired to private life and resumed
his writing career.
During the late 1940s and early 1950s, Keyhoe personally test-flew a
wide variety of aircraft and evaluated their performance and features for
True Magazine. When the first "flying saucer" sightings were reported
in June of 1947, Keyhoe, as an experienced aviator, was skeptical. But
when True asked him to investigate in 1949 and he interviewed numerous
fliers as well as military officers in the Pentagon, he discovered that
expert observers had seen the unexplained discs, many at close range. The
more he investigated, the more he became convinced that the UFOs were nothing
from this planet, apparently coming from outer space. He concluded that
the Air Force had to know this and were covering up the truth.
His article "Flying Saucers Are Real" in the January 1950 issue of True
became one of the most widely read and discussed articles in publishing
history, and caused a sensation. The article was expanded into a paperback
book The Flying Saucers Are Real (New York: Fawcett, 1950) and reached
an even wider audience. This was followed by the major hardcover books
Flying Saucers From Outer Space (1953), Flying Saucer Conspiracy
(1955), and Flying Saucers: Top Secret (1960). In January 1957 Keyhoe
had become Director of the newly formed National Investigations Committee
on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) in Washington, D.C., which under his leadership
gave serious publicity to the UFO mystery through the 1960s and encouraged
His last book Aliens From Space was published in 1973. By this
time Keyhoe had become convinced that the Central Intelligence Agency was
the principal agency behind the cover-up. He spent his later retirement
years at "Bluemont" in the beautiful Shenandoah Valley outside of Luray,
Virginia, with his wife Helen Gardner Keyhoe, a native of Page County,
Virginia. Mrs. Keyhoe was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution
and a prize-winning rose grower.