I have copied this page intact from its original website (http://www.cal12.com/Michigan%201966%20UFO.htm) so that I could format it and add my own comments and links which I hope will make it easier to read and clarify what I believe the original author(s) and webmaster intended. Much of the material there was totally accurate to material Dr. Harry Willnus sent me concerning the case. I additionally researched the original newspaper articles and found them supporting the information copied.
Putting myself on the line here, I am fairly certain that if other researchers will check further, they will find the additional information provided here fully accurate as well.
Any comments I personally make here along the way will be with my (red) initials on it in bold and italic to eliminate confusion.
March 14-20, 1966:
From about 3:50 a.m. on March 14 and for 2-1/2 hours thereafter, Washtenaw County sheriffs and police in neighboring jurisdictions reported disc-shaped objects moving at fantastic speeds and making sharp turns, diving and climbing, and hovering. At one point, four UFOs in straight-line formation were observed. Selfridge AFB confirmed tracking UFOs over Lake Erie at 4:56 a.m. Following is the log of "Complaint No. 00967" signed by Cpl. Broderick and Deputy Patterson of the Washtenaw County Sheriff's Department:
"3:50 a.m. Received calls from Deputies Bushroe and Foster, car 19, stating that they saw some suspicious objects in the sky, disc, star-like colors, red and green, moving very fast, making sharp turns, having left to right movements, going in a Northwest direction.
4:04 a.m. Livingston County [sheriff's department] called and stated that they also saw the objects, and were sending car to the location.
4:05 a.m. Ypsilanti Police Dept. also called stated that the object was seen at the location of US-12 and I-94 [intersection of a U.S. and an Interstate highway].
4:10. a.m. Monroe County [sheriff's department] called and stated that they also saw the objects.
4:20 a.m. Car 19 stated that they just saw four more in the same location moving at a high rate of speed.
4:30 a.m. Colonel Miller [county civil defense director] was called; he stated just to keep an eye on the objects that he did not know what to do, and also check with Willow Run Airport.
4:54 a.m. Car 19 called and stated that two more were spotted coming from the Southeast, over Monroe County. Also that they were side by side.
4:56 a.m. Monroe County [sheriff's department] stated that they just spotted the object, and also that they are having calls from citizens. Called Selfridge Air Base and they stated that they also had some objects [presumably on radar] over Lake Erie and were unable to get any ID from the objects. The Air Base called Detroit Operations and were to call this Dept. back as to the disposition.
5:30 a.m. Dep. Patterson and I [Cpl. Broderick] looked out of the office and saw a bright light that appeared to be over the Ypsilanti area. It looked like a star but was moving from North to East.
6:15 a.m. As of this time we have had no confirmation from the Air Base."
Washtenaw County deputies B. Bushroe and J. Foster formally stated: "This is the strangest thing that [we] have ever witnessed. We would have not believed this story if we hadn't seen it with our own eyes. These objects could move at fantastic speeds, and make very sharp turns, dive and climb, and hover with great maneuverability. We have no idea what these objects were, or where they could have come from. At 4:20 a.m. there were four of these objects flying in a line formation, in a north westerly direction, at 5:30 these objects went out of view, and were not seen again."
Deputy Bushroe told the press: "It would swing back and forth like a pendulum, then shoot upward at tremendous speed, hover and then come down just as fast." Dexter police and Livingston County sheriffs, contacted by Bushroe and Foster, "reported that they saw the same objects engaging in the same maneuvers."
And their stories were backed up by more than 100 witnesses, including William Van Horn, a civil defense director, and dozens of students who watched the football-shaped object for four hours as it maneuvered near the University of Michigan campus, a nearby airport and a local swamp.
March 17, 1966, Milan, Michigan. 4:25 a.m. Sgt. Nuel Schneider and Deputy David Fitzpatrick saw top-shaped objects making sharp maneuvers. They alternately hovered, rose and fell quickly, darted around at jet-like speed, their light dimming and brightening periodically. In a report to NICAP, the officers stated that two objects were operating together, circling and flying in formation, while a third object hovered at lower altitude. They called Willow Run Airport officials who could not confirm with radar.
FRANK MANNOR CASE
March 20, 1966, Dexter, Michigan. About 8:30 p.m. Frank Mannor and family, and dozens of other witnesses, reported that a domed oval object with "quilted" or "waffled" surface and lights in the center and on each end had landed in a swampy field. Deputies David Fitzpatrick and Stanley McFadden parked car #34 adjacent to the area and began a search with Frank Mannor.
Dexter patrolman Robert Huniwell said he spotted an object in the sky at Quigley and Brand roads between 9:30 and 9:45 p.m.. He said the flying object with red and green flashing lights, came close to the ground, hovered above a scout car and was joined by a second vehicle on its ascent.
Washtenaw County Sheriff Douglas Harvey ordered all available deputies to the scene. Six patrol cars, two men in each, and three detectives surrounded the area. They later chased a flying object along Island Lake Road without catching it.
Mannor said the vehicle, by its own lights, appeared to be the length of a car and had a hazy mist under it as it hung above the ground. Mannor's son, a member of the Dexter High School track team, and Mannor's wife also witnessed the object. It rose up to the tree tops and waited awhile and fell back to the ground. It became different colors, white on the ground, blue, then red in the trees, and then came down and changed colors again. It sounded like a ricochet of a bullet, and like a siren, a real high frequency, they said.
"While in the woods area," their report states, "a brilliant light was observed from the far edge of the woods, and upon [our] approaching, the light dimmed in brilliance....The brilliant light [then] again appeared, and then disappeared. A continued search of the area was conducted, through swamp and high grass, with negative results. Upon returning to the patrol vehicle, the undersigned officers were informed that one of the objects had been hovering directly over the area where our flashlight beams had been seen, and then [it] departed in a west direction of flight, at high rate of speed."
As he and other officers were rushing to the scene, Officer Robert Hartwell of the Dexter Police Department saw a luminous object buzz his car. Robert Taylor, Dexter Police Chief, and Patrolman N.G. Lee came to the farm in response to Mrs. Mannor's call and heard the noise. Taylor said he watched an object in the field from Frank Mannor's home on a knoll overlooking the area. It appeared as a pulsating red, glowing object. Through binoculars he saw "a light on each end of the thing." "I thought it was an ambulance," Lee said. The chief's son, Robert, 16, also saw the red vehicle in the sky at about 10:30 p.m. "It was going on in the east pretty slow, and then it sped up and went west," he said. "It was flashing red and white."
Washtenaw County Deputy Sheriff BuFord Bushroe also observed it. "It looked like an arc. It was round. We turned around and started following it through Dexter for five miles. It was headed west and we stopped. We lost it in the trees. Either the lights went off or it took off with a tremendous burst of speed. It was about 1,500 feet above the ground. It moved along at about 100 mph. We were doing 70 before losing it near Wylie Road."
On March 22 dozens of residents of Dexter and Hillsdale reported more flying objects emitting strange sounds and lights.
On March 23 a teen from Monroe said he took photos, which looked like a big black blob. (See next report for more details)
The Air Force sent in Blue Book astronomer and UFO expert Dr. J. Allen Hynek who, after a whirlwind probe that lasted two hours and 45 minutes, dismissed the sightings as "swamp gas."
Hynek quoted a description of marsh gases by Dutch astronomer Minnaert: "The lights resemble tiny flames, sometimes seen right on the ground, sometimes merely floating above it. The flames go out in one place and suddenly appear in another, giving the illusion of motion. The colors are sometimes yellow, sometimes red and bluegreen."
"Marsh gas," Hynek said, "usually has no smell, but sounds like the small popping explosions similar to a gas burner igniting. The gas forms from decomposition of vegetation. It seems likely that as the present spring thaws came, the gases methane, hydrogen sulfide and phosphine, resulting from decomposition of organic materials, were released."
He also said youths playing "pranks with flares" added to the excitement. He dismissed a photo taken March 17 as a time exposure of the moon and Venus.
Van Horn, a Hillsdale native who grew up on the edge of a swamp, was outraged by Hynek's findings, asserting that he knew more about swamp gas than Hynek did. He said Hynek ignored his reports that the lights moved and that there was a convex surface between the lights.
On March 29 more sightings were reported over Michigan. Some from Macomb and Oakland counties, others from Bad Axe, Flint and Ann Arbor. Viewers included Richard Sober of Ann Arbor, an off-duty sheriff's deputy, and Police Chief Ford Wallace of Linden.
In Washington the government was urged to release all information on the sightings.
In April Frankfort and Marquette joined in with sightings. The Frankfort sighting was identified as a marine flare.
Air Force UFO Expert Dr. J. Allen Hynek
A drawing by a woman who was abducted with others and subjected to an examination by alien robots.
(Sheriffs' statements in NICAP files. See The U.F.O. Investigator, March-April 1966, pp. 5-6; Detroit News, March 14, 1966; LIFE Magazine, Apr. 1, 1966; Newsweek, Apr. 4, 1966.)
For more information see "The Great Michigan UFO Case" courtesy of the Detroit News
jc: Much research was performed on this 1966 Michigan case. What follows is a released public statement by Dr. Hynek concerning the Dexter and Hillsdale UFO Sightings. (i.e. his analysis of the case)
Within that statement, I have added bolded footnote numbers at various places and keyed them to (identically numbered) rebuttal answers given by William Van Horn, who was outraged at Hynek's public statement regarding the incident. This is so readers can more easily view Van Horn's comments in direct context with each of Hynek's statements. Click on the number in Hynek's statement to see Van Horn's corresponding comment.
In comment #15, Van Horn gives solid, scientific reasons from his own personal study which demonstrate what was seen, was most likely _not_ swamp gas.
Comparing Hynek's statements vs. Van Horn's, one can easily see there was more to this case than initially met the eye. I originally mentally dismissed this case after reading about it in 1966. Now, in reviewing this data I hadn't seen, I probably was mistaken to have done so, but at the time the newspapers had indicated it was simply students playing games with balloons and flares.
STATEMENT ON THE DEXTER
AND HILLSDALE UFO SIGHTINGS
by Dr. J. Allen Hynek
Scientific Consultant to Project Blue Book:
The Air Force has asked me to make a statement on my findings to date. This I am happy to do provided it is clearly understood that my statement will refer to the two principal events as reported to me. The event near Dexter, Mich. on March 20, and a similar one at Hillsdale, Mich., on March 21. It does not cover the hundreds of unexplained reports as opposed to the thousands of explained cases made not only to Project Blue Book, but those from other countries, over the past several years as described in recent books and articles. I have not investigated these--such as the one near Exeter N.H. and those in the Western states last year, not the puzzling foreign cases, such as that at Cuernavaco (sp?), Mexico last fall. I have recommended in my capacity as Scientific Consultant, that competent scientists quietly study such cases when evidence from responsible people appears to warrant such study. There may be much of potential value to science in such events. We know a very great deal more about the physical world in 1966, than we did in 1866 but, by the same token, the people in the 2066 may regard us as very incomplete in our scientific knowledge. We must not in our haste to have answers, be Fredrick Smiths.
If then, it is understood I am not making a blanket statement to cover the entire UFO phenomenon over the past 20 years in this and other countries, #1 I am prepared to discuss the Dexter and Hillsdale sightings.
Now, in addition to these two specific cases there has been a flood of other reports from this area, both before and after last Sunday and Monday, and I could not possibly have had the time to investigate all of these. I have had time, however to determine that in Hillsdale, over and above the sincere and honest reporting by the young ladies at Hillsdale College of a very puzzling sighting, #2 certain young men have played pranks with flares. And, I have also determined that the pictures released yesterday to the press were taken on March 17, near Milan, Mich., and have no reference whatever to the sightings on March 20 or 21st, and are without any question a time exposure of the rising crescent moon and the planet Venus. I emphasize that this explanation refers to those specific pictures and not to the two cases in question.
At long last now, the Dexter and Hillsdale cases: Here are the hard facts, the residue, the common denominator after sifting out as much of the subjective, peripheral, #3 and inconsistent statements as I have been able to do in this short time.
#4 The majority of observers in both cases reported only lights--red, yellow and green, silent glowing lights, near the ground. They have not described an object. Even the only two observers who did describe an object have stated that they were no closer than 500 yards--better than a quarter of a mile away--a distance which does not allow details to be determined. Witnesses have described glowing lights-- #5 lights that seemed to move but never far from a definite local, or which suddenly disappeared and popped up at another place. Now what was the locale in both instances? #6 In both cases, a swamp. In both cases the location of the glow was pin-pointed: in Dexter it was seen between two distant groups of people, and at Hillsdale it was seen in a swampy depression between the girls and distant trees. #7 It was in both cases a very localized phenomenon. I think that this is a most significant point.
#8 A dismal swamp is a most unlikely place for a visit from outer space: It is not a place where a helicopter would hover for several hours, or where a soundless, secret, device would likely be tested.
Now what is a swamp? It is a place of rotting vegetation and of decomposition. Swamps are not the normal province of the astronomer; he usually has his eyes trained toward loftier places--yet the Dutch astronomer, Minnaert, in his book, "Light and Color, in the Open Air," has this to say about swamps. He describes lights that have been seen in swamps by the astronomer Bessel and other excellent observers. The lights, he says, resemble tiny flames, sometimes seen right on the ground, sometimes floating above it. The flames go out in one place and suddenly appear in another, giving the illusion of motion. The colors, he says, are sometimes yellow, sometimes red and blue-green. No heat is felt, and the lights do no burn or char the ground. They can appear for hours at a time and sometimes for a whole night. Generally there is no smell, and usually no sound, except the popping sound of little explosions, such as when a gas burner ignites. Where does the gas come from, and what lights it? The rotting vegetation produces marsh gas which can be trapped by ice and winter conditions. When a spring thaw occurs, the gas may be released in some quantity.
The flame, Minnaert says, is a form of chemical luminescence and its low temperature is one of its peculiar features. Exactly how it occurs is not known and this in itself might be made a subject of an interesting study.
The glowing lights on the swamp near Dexter and Hillsdale were observed for two to three hours. #9 No sounds were heard, except for popping sounds. The lights were red, green or yellow and they appeared to move sideways, #10 and to rise a short distance. I emphasize this would not be seen frequently--it is of a unique character. #11 I have never seen it myself and I can easily understand the dismay of the witnesses who say it and who sincerely described what they saw.
It seems likely that as the present spring thaws came, the trapped gases CH4, H2S, PH3, resulting from decomposition of organic materials were released. The chemistry book by Sienko and Plane has this to say: "In air, phosphine, PH3, usually bursts into flame, apparently because it is ignited by a spontaneous oxidation of the impurity P2H4. The will-o-the-wisp, sometimes observed in marshes, may be formed by reduction of naturally occurring phosphorous compounds."
Other scientists have pointed out to me that in swamps the formation of H2S and CH4 from rotting vegetation is common, these could be ignited by the spontaneous burning of the Phosphine, PH3.
It would seem to me that the association of the sightings with swamps, in these particular cases, is more than coincidence. #12 No group of witnesses observed any craft coming to or going away from the swamps. (jc: Click here for an important Editor's note) The glow was localized there. Deputy Fitzpatric described the glow as coming from beyond a rise adjacent to the swamp, and visible through the trees. He stated that the lights brightened and dimmed much as stage lights do--smoothly and slowly. The girls at Hillsdale described almost the identical thing. This could have been due to the release of variable quantities of marsh gas.
The disappearance of the light when people got close with flash-lights or car lights, would indicate that the glow seemed bright only to dark-adapted eyes. #13 The night was dark--there was no moon. #14 The Hillsdale girls kept their room dark in order to see the lights in the swamp.
I emphasize in conclusion that I cannot prove in a Court of Law that this is the full explanation of these sightings. It appears very likely, however, that the combination of the conditions of the particular weather conditions that night #15 there was little wind at either location--were such as to have produced this unusual and puzzling display.
VAN HORN'S COMMENTS
CONCERNING HYNEK'S STATEMENT
#1 Dr. Hynek states he is referring specifically to the Dexter and Hillsdale areas. I am answering only to the Hillsdale investigation of which I am most familiar
#2 Dr. Hynek was very well aware that the flare incident occurred on Wednesday March 23rd and not on the evening of March 21st.
#3 The only statements that Dr. Hynek was interested in were the inconsistent ones and it is my belief and knowledge from questioning people that the inconsistent statements were very few.
#4 We did not describe the outline of an object but Dr. Hynek was not interested when we attempted to describe to him the ascending and descending in a uniform manner of two separate color lights to a height of approximately 100-150 feet between.
#5 This was by no means the description that was given Dr. Hynek with regards to the lights in the Hillsdale area. The lights did increase and decrease in brilliance. It is very evident that his description as stated in his release could have been taken from any one of many books describing Marsh Gas.
#6 The Hillsdale area where the observation was made is not a swamp but rather a wooded area. And how would Dr. Hynek know what the area was as he was never in it. The closest he got to the area was the center of Barber Drive, a road which runs parallel to the area.
#7 This to me was no phenomenon as this was definitely some type of vehicle which had the ability to ascend and descend and to move very freely and smoothly from one side to the other and in doing so, both lights being observed moved uniformly and remained a stationary distance apart.
#8 I disagree with this for two reasons:
A: A swamp is usually a place where there are no people around and also in most cases requires a period of time to enter and get to.
B: Also a swamp is generally a source of water which could well be needed by a space vehicle.
#9 To the best of my knowledge there were no sounds heard in the Hillsdale incident and Dr. Hynek was very definitely informed of this. With regards to the popping sounds this again is a description which can be found in any one of many books describing Marsh Gas.
#10 I do not call lights ascending and descending to and from a height of 100 to 150 feet a short distance.
#11 Dr. Hynek states that he has never seen the phenomenon of Marsh Gas. I have personally many time witnessed this as a young boy having been raised near a swamp in Jonesville, Michigan. I can very assuredly state we were not observing Marsh Gas the evening of March 21st. His further formula description of Marsh Gas is very correct.
#12 Dr. Hynek is way off in left field on this statement. He was told not only by myself but also by the College girls of the observation made by the 17 girls of the approach of the object from the northeast, flashing by their window, disappearing to the south of them and then appearing over the area and descending to where we observed it. Dr. Hynek was not interested in listening to this type of information and was extremely evasive on any questions that were asked regarding anything such as this. In addition the glow was not localized as stated by Dr. Hynek but rather the lights did as I have stated before, ascend and descend and move from side to side in a uniform manner.
#13 The night was dark as most nights are, but there was an occasional sighting of the moon as the sky condition was from a broken to a scattered condition.
#14 This statement is true that the lights were off in the room from which we were making the observation. However just outside and below the windows there is this row of flood lights which were on which discounts the total darkness theory.
#15 I offer the following wind velocities from an official recorded source in defiance of Dr. Hynek's statement that there was little wind the evening of March 21st. I estimated the wind approximately 10 miles per hour and the following wind velocities are taken from the record of an official U.S. Agency for the area:
March 21, 1966 (Time - Wind Velocity)
9 pm. 130 degrees at 10 K.
10 pm 130 degrees at 7 K.
11 pm 110 degrees at 10 K.
12 pm 120 degrees at 8 K.
March 22, 1966 (Time - Wind Velocity)
1 am 040 degrees at 8 K.
2 am 100 degrees at 10 K.
The air has to be extremely quiet and calm for Marsh Gas or Methane to accumulate in mass and form a glow. The above wind conditions would prove that this could not happen. We also offer the following evidence and research to support our statements that this was not Marsh Gas: Marsh Gas as know under the chemical term of methane (CH4) is a gas which is created and produced from rotting vegetation. This process of decay is created by an enzyme which is produced by bacteria. There is an optimum temperature at which these bacteria are most active and that temperature is from 35 degrees C to 40 degrees C. A temperature of 60 degrees C will destroy then and as the temperature lowers below 35 degrees C, the bacterial action will become gradually retarded which in essence means that the process of decay is gradually slowed meaning that the gas formation is slowed or eventually stopped.
To further substantiate my theory that Marsh Gas could not have been present at this time and with the foregoing explanation of the bacterial action to produce the Marsh Gas I herewith provide an account of the temperature of our area from November 1st 1965 through March 21st 1966 to show that the optimum temperature was not present for this action.
These temperatures are given as observed by the official United States Weather Observer for our area:
Average High 9 degrees C
Average Low 1 degree C
Average Mean 4 degrees C
Average High 4 degrees C
Average Low -3 degrees C
Average Mean -1 degree C
Average High -3 degrees C
Average Low -11 degrees C
Average Mean -7 degrees C
Average High 3 degrees C
Average Low -7 degrees C
Average Mean -3 degrees C
Average High 11 degrees C
Average Low -1 degree C
Average Mean 5 degrees C
For 5 Month Period
Average High 5 degrees C
Average Low -6 degrees C
Average Mean -1 degree C
It is my sincere belief that the bacterial requiring a temperature of 35 degrees C to 40 degrees C optimum temperature and our average mean temperature being -1 degree C that it would have been impossible for little gas if any to have been present at this time of the year. If any gas was present, my contention is that it could not possibly have been present in quantity enough to last for the period of time that we were making the observation.
(I've not included a letter here from Kipling Vanenberg and Jerry Wilson giving Van Horn full consent for the usage of their report, to his suiting, but it's available for those who'd like a copy). --- Webmaster (jc: NB previous parenthesis not Jerry Cohen)
End Van Horn 15 point Rebuttal
(Editor's note jc:) A statement on the Sheriff's report demonstrates that Hynek's comment, "no groups of witness observed any craft coming to or going away from the swamps", was _not true._ Statement 12 by Van Horn also demonstrates this. For an excellent reason why Hynek might have said it, click here.
jc: Also, please note these next words in parentheses immediately below, and just prior to the Lab Analysis, are not mine, but rather from the cal12 website, either written by the webmaster of Cali12 or whomever was responsible for this part of the report.
(Part Number 2)
(The analysis below was obtained from CUFON and I have checked it against the original report for validity. I have not included the index to the lab analysis for space considerations. The introduction below is not a part of the actual test report and is a summation provided by CUFON.)
Laboratory Analysis Results
Of 1966 Swamp gas Case
Data Provided Courtesy of CUFON (Computer UFO Network) Seattle Washington, USA SYSOP - Jim Klotz
Information Director - Dale Goudie
UFO Reporting and Information Service Voice Line -
(206) 721-5035 P.O. Box 832, Mercer Island, WA 98040, USA
This information was obtained by Mr.Dale Goudie, Director of Puget Sound Aerial Phenomena Research and Information Director for the UFO Reporting and Information Service in Seattle, Washington.
The broad details of this case have long been known. This is the case in which Dr. J. Allen Hynek, at the time a consultant to the U.S. Air Force, issued his quickly condemned opinion that the lights seen could have been swamp gas.
New additional information about the famed 1966 Swamp Gas case in Michigan surfaced in 1984 shedding new light on this incident.
The material consists of a news release issued at the time by William E. Van Horn, the Civil Defense Director for Hillsdale County, Michigan. It contains a hitherto unknown laboratory report covering the scientific analysis of soil, water and animal life in the area of the reported landing. For those unfamiliar with the case, here are excepts from a statement made at the time by Mr. Van Horn:
On the evening of March 21,1966 at 10:32 p.m., a call was received from the New Woman's Dormitory at Hillsdale College by the Office Of Civil Defense...from a student reporting that some type of craft had descended from the Northeast, flashed by their dormitory and disappeared to the South. At this time, the girl described as well as later, the observing of red, green and white pulsating lights. There were 17 of the college students that made this observation.
At approximately 11 p.m., a second call was made by the girl to the Civil Defense Office informing them that the object had reappeared and had settled close to the ground approximately one half mile from the dormitory. Van Horn at once called for help from the Police Department and three cars plus himself were sent in a two mile area from the dormitory to the East. Van Horn checked the area at the half mile point and after he was unable to locate anything. He at once returned to the dormitory.
Upon arriving at the dormitory, he was escorted to the second floor and taken to a room facing the east, from where he made the following observation. He observed that there was an object which was at an approximate distance of 1,500 to 1,700 feet away from them... settled into a hollow and was apparently either near or on the ground. The two lights upon his first observation were what he would describe as a dim orange on the right and a dirty white on the left. After observing this for a period of about 10 minutes the lights began to grow in brilliance, the dim orange became red and true in color and the white became a true white. As the lights became more brilliant, the object or vehicle began to rise.
It would rise to a height of approximately 100 to 150 feet, stop momentarily and began to descend. This occurred several times. At one time upon descending, a glow from the side opposite them came from somewhere and he was able to see a convex surface.
The vehicle was also observed to move right to left, and left to right, and did so in a very smooth manner. The ascent and descent were at an estimated rate of 25 to 30 feet per minute. (This was estimated from Van Horns experience as a commercial pilot.) At no time were any of the witnesses able to detect any type of sound or noise.
At approximately 4:30 a.m., those still observing the scene noticed the lights disappear and this was the last that was seen of it.
The area that this was observed in was by no means a swamp but rather an area which is cultivated by Hillsdale College as a park. (jc: bold formatting added by me.)
Goudie also states that there will be additional information up coming and will be released in a short time by the UFO Reporting and Information Service in Seattle. This new information will even bring us closer to the reality of this case and keep this in mind that this case was investigated very carefully.
Lab Results Of 1966 Swamp Gas Case
a. Acid-Base Test
b. Solubility Test - Acid content of three, which is very heavy, and Base content of seven or eight, which is almost neutral. The soil was very soluble in a water solution.
c. Composition Test
d. Radiological Test - There was no change in soil composition except for a slight additive of Boron. The radiation reading on the soil was thirty one hundredths roentgens per hour. (.31 r/hr)
PLANT TESTS ( Green and Fungi )
a. Paper Chromatography Test
b. Tests for Measuring Life Functions - There were found only green and yellow pigments in this test; the blue pigment did not show up in this test, so we presume the blue pigment was destroyed. The plants were found to be healthy.
c. Starch Test - This was found to be normal.
d. Chlorophyll Test - This was found to be normal.
e. Radiological Test f. Spectrum Test On Plant Chlorophyll -
The reading on the plants was three/hundred fifteen thousandths roentgens per hour. (.315 r/hr) The blue pigment was gone; it did not show up in this test, presuming again that the blue pigment was completely destroyed.
a. Blood Hemoglobin Test
Amphibian: The hemoglobin was slightly reduced.
Crustacean: The hemoglobin showed no change from normal.
b. Metabolism Test
Amphibian: had slower than normal metabolism
but now improving.
Crustacean: Could detect no metabolic change from normal.
c. Reflex Test
Amphibian: was sluggish when first captured
but has not improved.
Crustacean: No change detected.
d. Radiological Test
Amphibian: Three thousand seventy five-
ten thousandths. (.3075 r/hr)
Crustacean: Three thousand one hundred twenty five-
ten thousandths. (.3125 r/hr)
a. Acid-Base Test - All rocks, ingenous,
metamorphic and sedimentary were found to be neutral.
b. Type Of Rock Specimen
c. Check Of Characteristics - All characteristics of the rocks found to be normal for each type of rock. There were no chemical or structural changes.
d. Radiological Test
1. Ingenous ------- .31 r/hr
2. Metamorphic ---- .31 r/hr
3. Sedimentary ---- .3125 r/hr
a. Microscopic Analysis - All microscopic animals and plants dead; cause unknown.
b. Acid-Base Test - The water was neutral of both acid and base.
c. Composition Of Materials In The Water - All minerals found in the water normal with the exception of a slight trace of Boron.
d. Radiological Test - The water had a .315 r/hr reading.
ENVIRONMENTAL TESTS TAKEN 3/23/66
1. Water 42 degrees F
2. Air 54 degrees F
No unusual heat shown.
b. Pond Life
2. Amphibians: There was an unusually large number of them.
c. Range and Time of Radiological Changes
d. Changes of Visible Appearance Caused by the U.F.O.
The first meter reading the meter showed thirty three hundredths roentgens (.33 r/hr) and its last reading 3 hours later showed twenty seven hundredths roentgens (.27 r/hr). No apparent changes in environment were visible.
The soil had above normal radiation and also had abnormal content of Boron. The Boron is alien to this type of soil.
The plants had above normal radiation. Blue pigments did not show up in the tests and were presumed to be destroyed, but this did not seem to effect the life functions of the plants.
3. POND LIFE:
Crustacean and Amphibian radiation was higher than normal but the highest radiation was recorded in the Amphibian. Also the Amphibian was affected noticeably where the Crustacean was not.
Sedimentary rocks were slightly higher in radiation than either ingenous or metamorphic rocks. There was no other change either chemical or structural.
All microscopic plants/animals were dead. The water had above normal radiation and abnormally contained Boron.
The environment had above normal radiation and it contained a small amount of Boron which is foreign to this soil.
7. MAIN CONCLUSION:
The area contained an abnormally high amount of radiation from some unknown source. The area also strangely contained Boron which was found in both water and soil. These two facts are the only ones which would substantiate the presence of a UFO. In our opinion, we're not saying that there was a UFO, but we also do not know how to account for these two facts. However, we believe it could not be swamp gas because of the high winds on the night of the sighting. With these high winds the gas would not have formed a mass and remained stationary. We also do not believe it was pranksters because we searched the area thoroughly for any sign of evidence to explain the phenomenon.
NOTE: Radioactive decay took place at 0.6 milliroentgens per hour over a period of three hours.
jc: I have reversed the order of the following two letters from the way they originally appeared on the Cal12 website so they will make immediate sense together.
Additionally, as I did previously, I have added URLs to the end of each paragraph (i.e. the footnote numbers) within Hynek's letter so that one can immediately click to Van Horn's response.
Question: Did Dr. Hynek respect Van Horn's research?
The answer is found in the last paragraph of Hynek's letter to Van Horn immediately below:
EVANSTON, ILLINOIS 60201
29 March 1966
Mr. Van Horn
Van Horn Funeral Home
Dear. Mr Van Horn,
I am much interested in the new evidence that I hear you are turning up in the UFO matter. The high radioactivity, if confirmed, would surely be a significant matter. (jc: bolding is mine, added for emphasis) 1
I am enclosing a copy of my actual press release which I hope you will read carefully and let me have your comments. You will note that I have limited my discussion to the two "swamp cases", I have received many letters written prior to the release, from people in farm areas who proposed this solution independently, stating that they have been familiar with such glowing lights over swamps since childhood. 2
You will also note that I have recommended that a basic scientific study of well-attested UFO cases be made. I made such a recommendation as long ago as 1952! The terrific "noise" represented by the thousands of misidentifications etc., I believe prevented such recommendations from being taken seriously. If there was so much "noise" there probably wasn't any "signal". I, on the contrary, have always felt that the whole UFO phenomenon is worth of investigation and independently said so on the dust jacket of Jacques Vallee's book, The Anatomy of a Phenomenon, which, incidentally, I suggest you read. 3
I am anxiously awaiting your report on the sightings of the lights we talked about on the phone just before I left Ann Arbor. Was rapid motion ever definitely established? If there is any substance to the reports of lights high in the sky, then of course this is worthy of further investigation. I repeat that my interpretation applied only to the swamp areas. (jc: bolding is mine) 4
I am anxious for you to read my press report since many of the things I said were taken out of context, as they most frequently are.
You are undoubtedly one of the most responsible witness observers in the entire "Michigan Affair" and I think it would be most unfortunate if you and I found ourselves in opposite camps. I'm sure that we both want to know what the actual facts are. (jc: bolding is mine) 5
J. Allen Hynek
Answer: (Part Number Three)
Van Horn's rebuttal to Hynek's letter
Attached is a photostatic copy of a letter written to me by Dr. J. Allen Hynek on March 29, 1966.
This letter to me is quite confusing in as much as it would give quite a different opinion of Dr. Hynek than I derived of him upon his visit to Hillsdale during the investigation. In reading this letter one would be led to believe that Dr. Hynek was very sincere in getting more to the bottom of the U.F.O. situation than he was upon his visit to Hillsdale. However, as I have previously stated it did not appear to me that Dr. Hynek was interested in any statements other than those which might fit the Marsh Gas theory.
In the second paragraph of his letter Dr. Hynek states that his findings of Marsh Gas were in essence from the letters that he had received from farm area people, proposing the Marsh Gas explanation. Still in his press release he admits that he has never witnessed Marsh Gas. I too have received letters from people in the farming areas who claim that it could not have been Marsh Gas at this time of the year. I have seen Marsh Gas and know that this was not what we were observing. To me, it is unusual for an expert to form an opinion such as this without further researching, especially when one is as unfamiliar with something as Dr. Hynek was with Marsh Gas.
You will notice in the third paragraph of his letter that he states he had recommended a basic scientific study of the well-established U.F.O. cases he made. He has in fact also stated on the dust cover of the book "The Anatomy of a Phenomenon", that he has always felt that the U.F.O. phenomenon was worth of investigation.
In the fourth paragraph of his letter, Dr. Hynek is referring to one of our most unusual sightings, which I witnessed myself. This particular sighting I shall not release any information on at this time other than to say that it occurred on the evening of March 24, 1966 at approximately 8:00 pm. The sighting was referred to Selfridge Air Force Base Radar and I was told that there were two inanimate blips on the Radar Scope.
After studying Dr. Hynek's letter and if his feelings are as stated in the letter, I have a question in my mind. Dr. Hynek being the scientific consultant to the Air Force regarding the U.F.O. situation, and having made the recommendations, where then is the block and why hasn't more intensive research been carried out? Someone, somewhere is forming this block for some unknown reason and I believe this is the thing that should be found.
jc: Again, as previously stated above, for a clue as to whether Van Horn may have been right about the "block." If you missed it, you can click here.
MARCH 21, 1966 at
THE FOLLOWING IS A STATEMENT WITH REGARDS TO THE U.F.O. OBSERVATION MADE THE EVENING OF MARCH 21, 1966 BY HILLSDALE COLLEGE STUDENTS, THEIR HOUSE DIRECTOR AND WILLIAM VAN HORN, DIRECTOR, HILLSDALE CIVIL DEFENSE.
On the evening of March 21, 1966 at 10:32 pm, a call was received from the New Womens Dormitory at Hillsdale College by the Office of Civil Defense. This call was from a College student reporting that some type of craft (which they believed at that time to be other than some type of conventional aircraft) had descended from the North East, flashed by their dormitory and disappeared to the South. The call was taken by my wife and after close questioning Mrs. Van Horn decided that the girl was very sure of what she had seen. She informed the girl that if they should observe anything further they should call back. Mrs. Van Horn then relayed the information on to myself. At this time the girl described as well as later, the observing of red, green, white, pulsating lights.
There were 17 of the college students that made this original observation.
At approximately 11 P.M. a second call was made by the girls to the Civil Defense Office informing us that the object had reappeared and had settled close to the ground. I was informed that it was approximately one half mile from the dormitory.
I at once called for help from the Police Department in attempting to locate the object and three cars plus myself were sent in a two mile area from the dormitory to the east. I checked the area at the half mile point and after I was unable to located anything I at once returned to the dormitory.
Upon arriving at the dormitory I was escorted to the second floor and taken to a room facing east, from where I made the following observation.
I observed that there was an object which was an approximate distance of 1500 to 1700 feet away from us. The object was settled into a hollow and was apparently either near or on the ground. The two lights upon my first observation were what I would describe as a dim orange on the right and a dirty white on the left. (This was to our right and left.) After having observed this for a period of about 10 minutes and trying to decide what the object was, the lights began to grow in brilliance, the dim orange became red and true in color and the white became a true white. As the lights became more brilliant the object or vehicle began to rise.
Release to Press, Radio and Television
From: William "Bud" Van Horn, Civil Defense Director,
Hillsdale County, Michigan
Regarding: U.F.O. Observation, March 21, 1966 and the investigation by the U.S. Air Force and Dr. J. Allen Hynek
On the evening of March 21, 1966 a group of College Coeds and myself had the opportunity of observing an Unidentified Flying Object. Upon the release of this news and on March 24th, Dr. J. Allen Hynek representing the United States Air Force arrived in Hillsdale to carry on an investigation of our observation. Dr. Hynek was accompanied by two young Airmen, one of which was a Chauffeur and the other Airman, Second Class Dennis Hambly who I was told was an official member of the investigative team.
After spending the short time of 3 hours in the City of Hillsdale and making what I would consider a whirlwind investigation of our observation, the representatives left the City.
Having previously heard of the type of investigations that were conducted by the United States Air Force with regards to the U.F.O. sightings, I was very interested in the type of personnel that would conduct this investigation, and the methods that would be used. It was my considerate opinion that Dr. Hynek had his mind made up as to what his findings would be before he ever reached the City of Hillsdale. I also observed that his main line of questioning was relative only to that which would fit the Marsh Gas theory. Although there was nothing to my knowledge from the information given to Dr. Hynek that would fit the Marsh Gas theory, he irregardless found it fit to state that Marsh Gas is what we were observing. Dr. Hynek was not or at least didn't to me display any interest in the type of movement of the Vehicle that we were observing nor did he volunteer any thought or explanation of the observation the girls had made of the object descending from the sky which prompted them to call the Civil Defense Office. At no time did Dr. Hynek step a foot into the area where the Vehicle was located that the girls and myself had been observing.
It is my very considerate and sincere opinion that:
1) The observation that was made by the girls and myself was a U.F.O. and definitely was not Marsh Gas.
2) That the investigation conducted by Dr. Hynek and the Air Force was very incomplete and was merely a token appearance sort of act.
3) That from the many, many very good sightings we have had reported to us came from very responsible people in most cases and that they are very well founded it is my sincere belief that the people making these reports have made a definite observation. In some of the cases we have been able to prove that it was not a U.F.O. and in many of the cases we could either make no decision or did definitely confirm them as U.F.O.'s.
With the aforementioned thoughts in mind and having seen many of our good people laughed at and ridiculed and caused embarrassment because they reported most sincerely that which they had witnessed, my men (Civil Defense Staff) and myself for the past seven weeks have conducted a most sincere and open minded investigation into the UFO situation in our own locality. I have attached a majority of our findings for the peoples considerations.
Previous to our original sighting on March 21st, I could have been considered a "Skeptic". However, now after seeing the investigation that was conducted here in Hillsdale by the U.S. Air Force and after conducting our own investigation in house for 7 weeks. I am firmly convinced that the U.F.O. does exist.
And in conclusion, I would state that if the whirlwind investigation that was conducted by the Air Force regarding the Hillsdale UFO and the personnel that conducted it are representative of our U.S. Air Force, I then feel that our people have a great deal more to by concerned about than the U.F.O. situation.
From this investigation I have found that the people are afraid to make any statement with regard to what they have witnessed. This is true in our own locality and I would say pretty generally throughout the entire United States. I say this from the great number of letters that I have received from people from all over the United States.
It is my sincere opinion that this fear of communicating that has been instilled in people could well be the common denominator which would cause, or maybe has caused people to fail to report some subversive or un-American acts or persons.
It is my belief that the U.S. Air Force could us a more tactful mode of investigation than has been used in the past rather than that which makes those people who in all sincerity report something to look like fools.
1966 NEWSCLIPPINGS CONCERNING THIS EVENT
Lt. Col. Hector Quintanilla's Previously Unpublished Manuscript
(In Adobe Acrobat .pdf format - Furnished by NIDS)
WASHTENAW COUNTY SHERIFF'S DEPARTMENTS REPORT ON THE MARCH 20, 1966 SIGHTING
(This report was provided courtesy of Dr. Harry Willnus -
All text misspellings, punctuation, etc. are as they appear within
the document. - Webmaster)
Comp. No. 01058
WASHTENAW COUNTY SHERIFF'S DEPARTMENT
Comp. Name Bob Wagner Nature of Comp. UFO
Address Dexter Body Shop, Dexter Mich. Location Between McGinnis Rd. & N. Terr.
Phone No.: Res. - Bus.
Date Received 3-20-66 Time 8:30 P
Date Occurred 3-20-1966 Time 8:30 P
Telephone XXXXXX Radio Letter in Per Received by Dep. Kelly
Officers Assigned Dep. McFadden & Fitzpatrick and Car #34
Time Assigned 8:35 Pm
Details of Comp. Comp. called and stated that there was a strange object in the swamp at the end of McGinnis Rd. It was on the ground, went up in air about 500' and came down making a lot of noise.
INVESTIGATION: Dispatched to the above location, and made contact with the complainant at 10600 McGinnis Road. Complainant advised that an un-identified object was presently located in the swamp, to the rear of afore mentioned location, and had been so located for approximently (1/2) one-half hour. Complainant further related that the object had been observed to rise to an altitude of approximently 500 feet, and then to return to the ground. Subject stated that lights were observed upon the object, and that the lighting turned from a blue-green to a brilliant red to a yellow in coloring. Object had appeared to be having difficulty in getting off of the ground.
FRANK MANNER, of 10600 McGinnis Road, and his son, RONALD, had watched the object for some time, and then proceeded into the woods and swamps, in an attempt to locate the object, and to see what it was. Both MANNER'S were within the swamp at the time of arrival of the undersigned officers.
ACTION TAKEN: The undersigned officer, in company with the complainant, proceeded along Dexter-Pinckney Road to Territorial Road, and then turned onto Quigley Road, where a vantage point was obtained, being in direct line with the house, and the area of the objects observation. At this point, the patrol vehicle was secured, and the afore mentioned proceeded into the woods, in attempt to locate the swamp edge, and the object.
While in the woods area, a brilliant light was observed from the far edge of the woods, and upon approaching, the light dimmed in brilliance. As the afore mentioned approached the upper ridge, and edge of the woods, the Brilliant light again appeared, and then disappeared. A continued search of the area was conducted, through swamp, and high grass, with negative results.
Upon returning to the patrol vehicle, the undersigned officers were met by others who had gathered to observed, and the undersigned officer were informed that one of the objects had been hovering directly over the area where our flashlight beams had been seen, and had then departed in a West Direction of flight, at high rate of speed.
upon returning to the patrol vehicle, the undersinged officers returned to the McGinnis Road address, where the MANNERS were talked to.
TALK WITH FRANK MANNER; FRANK MANNER stated that he had observed the lights comming from the swamp, and had awakened his son, RONALD. BOTH MANNERS then proceeded into the swamps in an attempt to find out the object which was producing the light. Upon entering the lower edge of the swamp, RONALD stated "what is that thing", and as FRANK MANNER Looked in the direction indicated, the object was observed. At the instant of observation the small lights went out, and in just an instant, re-appeared across the swamp, a distance of about 500 Yards. At this time, the object became illuminated from a brilliant source of light, which flowed horizontal between the two (2) small lights. After watching the object for a couple of minutes, the rays of light from two flashlights were observed from the ridge above the object. The light from the object intensified, then went out, and a whistle simular to the sound of a Rifle bullet Ricochet was heard, and the object passed directly over the MANNERS in just an instant.
DESCRIPTION OF OBJECT: Object was observed to be of a brown coloring, appearing to be Quilted type outside surface. Object appeared to be flat upon the bottom, and cone shaped toward the top, however, being low in height. Two small lights appeared to be at the outer edges of the object, glowing in a bluish-green light, and intensifing to a brilliant red in color. When the vehicle or object illuminated, the lighting was a yellow-white in color, and ran horisontal between the two outer lights, allowing some of the object to be viewed. Outer body appeared to be rough in texture.
PERSONS OBSERVING THE OBJECT:
FRANK MANNER, of 10600 McGinnis Road,
Dexter, DOB: Jan 5, 1919
RONALD MANNER, of 10600 McGinnis Road,
Dexter, Dob: Jan 28, 1947
Several others, names unknown
FURTHER UFO SIGHTED: Shortly after the UFO was departed from the scene, CHELSEA POLICE DEPARTMENT reported sighting a similar object over the Village of Chelsea, Hovering, and then departing at high rate of speed in a Westerly Direction.
A further sighting of Simular Bluish-green lights was reported near the woods and swamp, North Side of N. Territorial Road, between Scully Rd., and Webster-Church Road, in Webster Twp., County of Washtenaw, by Washtenaw County Sheriff Patrol #19, however, when attempt was made to get closer, lights disappeared and were not observed again. Further Search of the area was made with negative results.
DISPOSITION: FURTHER INVESTIGATION AND SEARCH OF THE AREA WAS MADE WITH NEGATIVE RESULTS.
This is an update which was sent to Ray Varner (Former APRO Investigator) by Clinton C. Williams Jr. and references the events of 1966. Ray states these updates were commonly sent between Clint Williams, Doug Wilson, Doug Bryce and himself.
Hillsdale County: UFO Activity Situation Survey,
June 25, 1969
Jonesville Michigan State Police Post
(the only Post in the county)
This agency was approached at 7:15 am, and three officers present talked for twenty minutes about the UFO situation, completely exhausting their immediate knowledge of the subject. Items:
During the 1966 Michigan UFO sightings the State Police conducted--independently--their own study of the UFO activity, and daily radio reports of UFO sightings were mandatory. Of course, all activity reports are still sent to Lansing, but UFO sightings now have no priority. An officer suggested visiting the Public Relations Division of the SP in East Lansing. No report on the study, even for departmental circulation only, has been issued, to their knowledge.
(This information does not conflict with that gotten during an interview with Deputy Director Melvin G. Kaufman in January, but indicates that Kaufman was not volunteering information on UFOs. The Deputy Director emphasized that no civilians could obtain State Police activity reports from Headquarters, or, for that matter, from the Posts, but Post personnel have usually offered to check through files for UFO reports. As of this date, none, save the nonexistent one concerning the Emmett Township activity of last August, have seemed to be sufficiently interesting to warrant imposing upon Post personnel the file check. While, against the background of the UFO literature, the close attention given to UFO activity by the Michigan State Police seems extraordinary, especially when undertaken independently of Air Force or any Federal association, this may rather reflect the poor quality of the UFO literature than a peculiarity of our State Police. Such attention may have been given by other States.)
The last recalled UFO "complaint" was called in by a woman who chose to remain anonymous, "six months ago." The researcher suggested that it was difficult to respond to the complaints who elected anonymity, and the officers said that such calls were not uncommon, and usually related to sightings in certain areas. The complainant expected officers to respond to the area, and this was occasionally done. In the most recent cases, the woman described having been followed for miles to her home by a lighted object, and refused to identify herself. No State Police responded to the area she called from. She also called the Hillsdale County Sheriff's Department, and the Undersheriff did respond, and saw nothing.
The incident was recalled by the State Police, the Undersheriff, and by the Acting Deputy-newspaperman at the Hillsdale Daily News.
The Hillsdale Daily News was next approached, after the Sheriff's Department, which supplied information on no recent UFO events excepting that involving the unknown woman, and the Editor recalled no recent events. The 1966 and 1967 UFO files were produced, and found to be incomplete. The Hillsdale Library however retains bound volumes. The Editor verified the expected: the Hillsdale incidents of 1966 and 1967 were given much space in the city newspaper, and only condensed versions went out on wire services. The originals of the Hillsdale stories will be retrieved as soon as practicable.
The Editor suggested a visit to Art Hammond, Deputy Director of Civil Defense and Chief of Communications for Hillsdale County, and Hammond was approached at the Gelzer Furniture Store in which he labors as a salesman, and talked for twenty minutes on the subject in which he takes an abiding interest. He was given a copy of "UFO/You've met one of us," and accepted the association with the researchers. He thus became the first acknowledged participant in the "early warning network," and is uniquely placed to thus perform the function, as he continually, in his Civil Defense role, monitors the police communications of the three states which meet at the southern Hillsdale border. He moreover, for one straight year following the 1966 events in which his Director, Wm. Van Horn, was a participant, followed nightly UFO calls as fast as possible, in hopes of verifying the sightings of locals, which had been dismissed as "swamp gas." While he and his partner in that quest saw nothing clearly a UFO, he has had ample time since then to rest, and appears to be game to go at it again.
Hammond visited a seven-months old landing site in April 1966, and his written report is confidential, because the farmer witness wishes anonymity, but Hammond described the unusual flattened grass half-circles and the measurements taken, and the lay of the land. No evidence was retrieved.
While the researcher could at length review the Hammond interview, he expects future events, hopefully involving meetings with the entire Michigan "reliables," Wilson, Varner, Bryce, and himself and the principals in Hillsdale County, to obviate this.
Hammond suggested a visit to North Adams, and its Fire Chief. This was next done, and the Russes, George Senior and Junior, talked for one half hour, in the gas station which they operate (Junior, in his late twenties, is Chief of the village Fire Department). In the hope that the Michigan field researchers will meet these fine people, it will only here be noted that they mentioned the three week old sighting of Walter Woodruff, a friend and neighbor, of a UFO which emitted a smaller UFO, a pickup truck which suffered classic electric failure when approached by a blue-lit UFO two years ago, numerous Type 5's, numerous flyovers and landings, and their close friendship with Wm. Van Horn, who taught them: "When you see a UFO, first try to find an explanation." Which leaves the Russes with an unexplained ten percent.
The Russes' awareness of the Hillsdale County UFO situation can only be characterized as "formidable." Personal confrontation is urged.
To: Photo, March 25
PHOTO ADDS NEW WRINKLE TO SAUCERS
(From the Detroit News March, 25 1966 - By Douglas Bradford)
While Air Force officials prowled through the countryside for some sign of the strange night visitors that have been zipping through southeastern Michigan skies, a Monroe area boy came up with what he said was a picture of one.
Paul Richwine, 16, who lives in Woodland Beach, 3 miles north of Monroe, produced a piece of film with a blob on it that he says his camera "saw" when he pointed it at a "flying saucer" over his home Friday night.
Detroit News photographers say the blob could be due to a wrinkle in the film. But Paul and his mother, Mrs. Mariannice Richwine, insist that they saw the strange glowing objects cavorting in the sky and that the dark area on the picture represents one of them.
The object in the picture doesn't seem to have much material substance. Neither Paul nor his mother can account for the fact that the thing they saw was bright and shiny with flashing colored lights while the camera recorded a dark smear. Paul said his Argus F-100 was on time exposure at f 2.8 and was loaded with fast film when he took the picture at about 11:30 p.m. Friday.
The News photographers conceded that the darkness in the picture "might" be the indication of something moving quite swiftly on a time exposure, or the blob could be a water spot on the negative or a wrinkle in the film.
Mrs. Richwine said the object's appearance was preceded by four glowing shapes about 10:30 p.m., Friday. She saw them from her front window, she said.
To: Two sightings -Vicksburg, Michigan
2 UFO SIGHTINGS IN AND NEAR
March 31, 1966
A man driving home saw lights on the road and discovered a gray, lens-shaped object hovering at 1 m altitude. It had one intense white light and three colored flashing lights. Driving within 2 m of it, he became afraid and backed up, but the object suddenly flew over and behind him. A noise similar to that of a swarm of bees was audible. It left at high speed toward the east. - (Personal). Report Courtesy of Mark Cashman's Temporal Doorway at http://www.temporaldoorway.com
Near Vicksburg, Michigan
March 31, 1966
A car driver observed a cluster of lights ahead and on approaching more closely realized that the lights were on a disc shaped object hovering a few feet above the road. He started to reverse; the car which was then buffeted violently as if by a strong gust of wind. The driver noticed that the object had moved overhead taking up a new position to the rear of the car. He also noticed that the car engine had stalled. A low humming was heard and a few moments later the object rose abruptly and sped away, the incident having lasted less than a minute. - The UFO Investigator. Vol Ill. No 7. P 3.
To: Frankfort, Michigan
MORE SAUCERS ARE REPORTED
IN FRANKFORT, MICHIGAN
(Copy of Hillsdale Daily News Newsclipping
Provided by Ray Varner 04-09-1966)
FRANKFORT (AP) - Flying saucer reports have popped up in northwestern Lower Michigan after having died down in the Ann Arbor-Hillsdale area.
Sten Larsen, a Frankfort junior high school teacher, reported sighting an unidentified flying object Thursday night between Frankfort and nearby Beulah.
Larsen's teenage son, Timothy, backed up his father's story.
"I never believed in them before," said Larsen. "But I certainly do now after I saw. I am positive about it. There's no doubt in my mind."
Larsen described the object as two car lengths in width and said it had a cigar profile, with red lights at the ends and green lights inside.
The object hovered, Larsen reported, so he stopped his car and got out. He reported it made a "whixh" noise.
For a time he said it flew along ahead of his car, then came back toward it, and finally appeared to settle over a rise.
Larsen notified State Police, who checked the area Thursday night and again Friday without finding anything. Larsen said, however police determined there had been no airplane in the area at the time.
To: Egg Shaped Object, Battle Creek
EGG SHAPED OBJECT SEEN IN
BATTLE CREEK MICHIGAN FOLLOWS CAR
Battle Creek, Michigan
April 18, 1966
An egg-shaped object, 25 m long, 5 m high, gray-colored, was observed from a distance of 25 m by a 42-year-old witness driving a car. The object supported a cockpit with windows and three rows of lights, emitted red flames, and made the same noise as a heavy truck on wet pavement. The object followed the car for some time. - (Atic).
Courtesy of Mark Cashman's Temporal Doorway - http://www.temporaldoorway.com
To: State Trooper Sanilac County
UFO SPOTTED IN SANILAC COUNTY
BY STATE TROOPER [Michigan]
Huron Daily Tribune, Vol 91/#80 April 22, 1966 - Several unidentified flying objects were reported by Michigan residents early today and policemen said they observed two of them.
State Police trooper at Sandusky, in Sanilac County, said he watched "a brilliant ball of light" in the pre-dawn sky today for more than an hour.
The Trooper, Alex Fisher, described the object as having a green finger of light pointing towards its top and a red shaft toward the bottom. It hovered "at airplane altitude", he said, and gradually disappeared over Lake Huron to the east.
To: Milan Policeman
SPOTS ANOTHER UFO
The policeman who had observed an object over Milan on Mar. 17 saw an unidentified machine on the ground at a street intersection. He drove toward it with his headlights illuminating the object, which took off like an airplane, flying away to the southeast. Investigation by Selfridge AFB. - (Atic)
Report Courtesy of Mark Cashman's Temporal Doorway at: http://www.temporaldoorway.com
To: Trout Coeds
TROUT COEDS SPOT UFOS
(Article provided by Jeff Westover
courtesy of CMU school paper Archivist Mike Phillips)
July 21, 1966
Were there any "magnificent men in those flying machines" over Trout Hall last Thursday night? Several people on campus are wondering.
Liz Braund, Battle Creek sophomore, was on duty at the desk Thursday. She had been quietly talking to a friend, Kurt Acton, St. Johns sophomore, when they heard what sounded to them like a "fluctuating siren."
Miss Braund went to the window and looked out but saw no police car. Later, a Trout coed called WCEN, the local radio station, and reported sighting a UFO over the dorm.
Tim Moore, Mount Pleasant junior and Bob Coxson, representatives of WCEN, drove to Trout to investigate the sighting.
On the way, Moore said, "We saw a metallic object moving at low altitude" but their view was obstructed as they drove through residential, tree lined streets.
They arrived at Trout Hall to find a crowd of about 20 people gazing upward.
Moore said that they did not hear the "fluctuating siren" but they did see the object.
To: Sault Saint Marie AFB - Project Blue Book Sighting
SAULT SAINT MARIE AFB -
PROJECT BLUEBOOK SIGHTING
(From the book titled, "Scientific Study of UFOs"
by, Dr. Condon)
Sault Saint Marie AFB, Michigan
September 18, 1966
Weather: clear, calm
Two sergeants of the 753rd Radar Squadron saw a bright light, elliptical in shape and apparently multicolored of unsaturated hues, which appeared low over the treetops to the SE and moved in a straight line towards the west disappearing "instantaneously" in the WSW. Duration of this sighting was 2-5 sec. The report states that the object was also tracked by a long range AN/FPS 90 heightfinder with azimuth, range, and altitude "available on request." Since this information is not included in the folder, no firm conclusion may be reached as to the probable cause of the radar sighting or even as to whether or not the radar and visual objects were correlated.
The general visual appearance, brightness, range, motion and mode of disappearance are all compatible with the hypothesis that the object was a large meteor. Some large meteors display even more unusual appearance than this report. If it was a meteor, the radar may have actually tracked it; radar tracks of large meteors are not unknown. Of course the radar track may have been spurious, or may have indicated that the object was unnatural. The tracking data would be required to settle the point.
The radio refractivity profile for 0600 LST, shown in Fig. 3 indicates that an intense super refractive layer existed within the first 372 m (1220 ft.) above the surface. This profile is conducive to the formation of AP echoes on ground-based radar , so there is some possibility that the observed radar data in this UFO incident may have been spurious. This case would seem to merit further investigation.
- - - -
jc: Thanks once again to the Cal12 website for posting the original information herein on the Internet. http://www.cal12.com/Michigan%201966%20UFO.htm It is their hard work. A reminder that I have simply reformatted same for use here, with comments and footnoting added merely for clarity, and ease of analysis regarding same.
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